In the fifth edition of The Origin published in 1869, Charles Darwin suggested that evolution depends on the survival of the fittest, as offered by Herbert Spencer in his refining of the term, natural selection. In 1988 John Cairns demonstrated what was further clarified by Timothy Lenton in 1998: that evolution is based on the ability to adapt to changing environments. Through adaptation nature is able to maintain harmony and balance in an ever-changing world.
Peer reviewed science now supports this new understanding, that it is not competition which drives us to expand and survive. It is in fact, our ability to adapt and cooperate, or bring about “harmony”, that sustains us on this planet. Nature’s model, and Darwin’s theory revised is that evolution is based on the survival of the most cooperative. Many of us are not surprised by this finding, but having the scientific backing is important because so many of our governments’ big decisions are based on what science tells us.
So, now what?